Expert 519839 - AL AK AZ AR BC CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA QC RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 45 years of commercial, industrial, and university experience in all aspects of plastic and polymer materials, plastic part design, tool design, and plastics processing. I have served as a plastics engineering Expert Witness in more than 25 cases, many of which have required deposition or trial testimony to be given. I am the founder and Principal Researcher of a plastics company, which consists of highly skilled plastic, chemical, and mechanical engineers who have performed consulting and research services to a variety of industries over the last 20 years.

Judge Explains Scope of Attorney-Client Privilege for Non-Reporting Expert Witnesses in Patent Case

Expertise Description

Client-Attorney Privilege Expert WitnessU.S. District Judge Susan Richard Nelson in Minnesota recently determined the extent to which the attorney-client privilege protected a law firm’s preparations with an employee/expert under Rule 26(a)(2)(B).At the heart of this dispute was Plaintiff's decision to designate a non-reporting, testifying expert witness pursuant to Rule 26(a)(2)(C). The individual was a named inventor on five of the asserted patents in the underlying action and was one of the founding members of Plaintiff's predecessor-in-interest, as well as Plaintiff’s paid consultant on design and development of new products and development of patent strategy.The parties made cross-objections to Magistrate Judge Franklin L. Noel's order granting Defendants' motion to compel compliance with an earlier order. Plaintiff objected to the order, arguing that its interpretation of the scope of the waiver of attorney-client privilege triggered by the testimony of a non-reporting expert witness was overly broad. In contrast, Defendants agreed with the ruling, but objected to the decision to grant Plaintiff an additional 21-day period to decide whether to accept disclosure of privileged communications or withdraw its non-reporting expert and maintain the privilege.Plaintiff first identified the patent expert as an individual "likely to have discoverable information" in its Rule 26(a)(1)(A) disclosure. Defendants responded by serving him with a document subpoena and deposing him as a fact witness. Plaintiff objected to every one of Defendants' document requests on privilege grounds and instructed its expert not to answer certain questions during his deposition.Plaintiff filed its Rule 26(a)(2)(C) disclosure, identifying the expert as a proposed non-reporting expert witness, and Defendants moved to require the patent expert to submit an expert report pursuant to Rule 26(a)(2)(B). The Magistrate said no, finding that because the expert was not specially retained to provide expert testimony, but rather would testify on the basis of percipient knowledge, he wasn’t subject to Rule 26(a)(2)(B). Defendants then moved for an order overruling the expert's privilege objections to his earlier discovery responses, arguing that by putting the patent expert forward as a non-reporting expert witness under Rule 26(a)(2)(C), Plaintiff waived attorney-client privilege as to materials provided to the expert for his testimony. Plaintiff argued that the 2010 amendments to the Federal Rules, which created the distinction between reporting and non-reporting expert witnesses, said that attorney-client privilege would be waived only in limited circumstances not present here.The Magistrate agreed with Defendants, noting that the state of the law on expert testimony and waiver of privilege prior to the 2010 amendments generally held that all documents and information disclosed to any testifying expert in connection with his testimony, including any communications with attorneys, were discoverable by the opposing party.Magistrate Noel then considered if the 2010 amendments changed this rule and noted that while Rule 26(b)(4)(C) provides explicit protection for some communications between a party's attorney and reporting experts, it’s silent as to whether communications with a non-reporting expert are similarly protected. The rule states that "Rules 26(b)(3)(A) and (B) protect communications between the party's attorney and any witness required to provide a report under Rule 26(a)(2)(B), regardless of the form of the communications, [except in three enumerated circumstances]."Looking to the advisory committee notes for the 2010 amendments, the Magistrate determined ultimately that they "did not change any existing precedent regarding privilege waiver of non-reporting experts that existed prior [to 2010]." Because there was no dispute between the parties that prior to 2010 all documents and information considered by a testifying expert were subject to discovery, he concluded that "any documents and information considered by . . . the expert in connection with his expert testimony, including communications with attorneys are discoverable." The Magistrate then gave Plaintiff a choice to either produce all such documents within 21 days, or, if it preferred to maintain its privilege, withdraw the designation as a non-reporting expert witness.Plaintiff notified Defendants that it would go ahead with the expert as a non-reporting expert witness and produced additional documents it said were all of documents not previously disclosed that had been considered by the patent expert in connection with his proposed testimony. Defendants moved to compel compliance with the Magistrate's order, arguing that Plaintiff's privilege log identified hundreds of documents and other communications considered by the expert but not disclosed, in violation of the order. Plaintiff responded with a motion for a protective order limiting the scope of Defendants' discovery requests.The dispute focused on the proper interpretation of the word "considered" in the order and whether the term should be interpreted broadly to encompass all materials that the expert "generated, saw, read, reviewed, and/or reflected upon"—whether he ultimately relied upon them in forming his opinions or not; or interpreted narrowly to mean just the documents actually used by the expert. The Magistrate again agreed with Defendants, concluding that "the ambit of the term 'considered,' in the context of Rule 26(a)(2)(C) discovery, . . . encompasses material not only used, but generated, seen, reviewed, and/or reflected upon." Rather than immediately require production of the withheld documents, however, the Magistrate again gave Plaintiff 21 days to elect to withdraw the patent expert 's designation as a non-reporting expert witness.Both parties filed objections to the Magistrate’s order. Plaintiff argued that the magistrate’s reading of the scope of the waiver of attorney-client privilege went well beyond the limited waiver envisioned by the framers of the 2010 amendments and beyond the bounds set by prior precedent. Defendants agreed with the Magistrate's interpretation of the scope of waiver, but argue that it was error to grant Plaintiff yet another 21-day period in which to reconsider its election of witness a non-reporting expert witness.Judge Nelson noted that in analyzing Plaintiff's objection, she had to consider what issues were properly before the Court. While the Magistrate’s two orders were intertwined, they settled different issues. The earlier order considered the issue of whether the 2010 amendments to Rule 26, which first created the distinct categories of reporting and non-reporting expert witnesses, changed the pre-existing law regarding waiver of privilege as to communications involving experts. The Magistrate found that the amendments established new protections for communications involving reporting expert witnesses, but that those privileges were not intended to extend to non-reporting expert witnesses. The Magistrate determined that the 2010 amendments to Rule 26 didn’t change the law of waiver of privilege existing prior to the amendments—at least as applied to non-reporting expert witnesses.Plaintiff had 14 days to file objections to the Magistrate's order or waive any assignment of error, and didn’t object to the court's decision on waiver of privilege and non-reporting expert witnesses. As a result, Magistrate Noel's conclusion of law that pre-2010 case law on waiver of privilege continued to govern non-reporting expert witnesses wasn’t properly before the Court. Judge Nelson said what was properly before the court was the much narrower matter of the later order: what scope to give to the waiver of privilege attached to the patent expert 's testimony as a non-reporting witness. In light of the earlier order, Nelson explained that answering this question required little more than looking to see whether the magistrate judge properly applied the law of waiver as it stood prior to 2010.As the Magistrate noted, the waiver of privilege attached to the expert 's status as a non-reporting expert extends to any materials considered in connection with his proposed testimony. Courts have clearly and repeatedly recognized that the term "considered" is to be interpreted broadly in this context, and as a result, the scope of waiver wasn’t limited by subjective questions of whether the expert actually relied on or used the documents and information to which he was exposed in crafting his opinion. The critical point was that he was exposed to those materials. Judge Nelson found that this rule recognizes that part of the purpose of expert discovery is to discover not just the information that the expert used in reaching his conclusions, but also what information he ignored or failed to properly incorporate into his analysis. In light of such considerations, the Magistrate, she said, was correct to hold that "the ambit of the term 'considered,' in the context of Rule 26(a)(2)(C) discovery, . . . encompasses material not only used, but generated, seen, reviewed, and/or reflected upon"… a position that was well supported both by pre- and post-2010 case law.In the alternative, Plaintiff asked the Court to grant it leave to re-designate the expert as a reporting expert pursuant to Rule 26(a)(2)(B). The Magistrate considered the request and rejected it, concluding that Plaintiff was well-advised of the duties imposed by designating the expert as a non-reporting expert witness. Such decisions are well within the discretion of the magistrate judge. Moreover, the judge held that Plaintiff had the opportunity for years to designate the patent expert as a reporting expert but chose not to do so, and would not be permitted to do so at this point.Because more than 21 days had elapsed since Magistrate Noel's order was issued, Judge Nelson modified the period of election to seven days. If Plaintiff wanted to proceed with the witness as a non-reporting expert witness, it had to produce the materials specified within that time. Otherwise, if it wanted to maintain its privilege, it had to withdraw the expert's designation under Rule 26(a)(2)(C). Luminara Worldwide v. RAZ Imports, Case No. 15-cv-03028 (SRN/FLN), 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 158183 (D. Minn. November 15, 2016)

Expert 520816 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have worked for over 25 years as a Chemical Engineer and Naval Specialist. I also have SCUBA dive experience with security swims, underwater ship's husbandry, and Dry-Docking inspection. I have additional expertise in Disabled Submarine/Submersible Rescue Response, managing nuclear materials and spent nuclear fuel, Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle, Atmospheric Diving System (ADS), and Submarine Rescue and Chamber at-sea operations. I have also spent more than a decade providing consultations and deposition as a chemical engineering expert witness in Southern California.

Expert 517851 - AL AK AZ AR BC CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA QC RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 30 years of experience in the field of Chemical Engineering, as well as working with fluid dynamics, drop dynamics, finite element analysis and computational modeling/analysis, ink jet printing, high speed imaging, complex fluids, rheology, surfactants, and electric field effects. I have experience as a Professor and my research interests include the analysis of pinch-off singularities, microfluidics, dripping or leaky faucets, drop impact, pattern formation, computations, and experiments involving the development of ultra high-speed imaging tools. My research is motivated by the applications of ink jet printing, separations, production of emulsions, dispersions, and double-emulsions, and dorp-wise manufacturing. I have over 15 years of expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and expert testimony.

Expert 511671

Expertise Description

I have more than 40 years of experience in the chemical and oil and gas sectors with expertise in exploration and production. My recent work areas have focused on well construction – casing design and cementing, well integrity, solids injection (fracture slurry injection), CO2 geologic sequestration, and hydraulic fracturing/stimulation of tight oil/gas reservoirs. I have in-depth experience and knowledge of production operations, well testing, reservoir engineering, geophysical logging, drilling, stimulation, completion, and workover operations. Previous international experience includes chemical process engineering in Germany, petroleum engineering (production of oil and gas both off-shore and onshore) in Saudi Arabia, and in oil and gas E&P production/operations and waste management, and injection/disposal wells in the United States. I have over 20 years of expert witness experience with consultation, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 502783 - AL AZ AR CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 10 years of experience in the field of drug delivery and controlled release technology as it pertains to pharmaceutical formulations. I have opined in both deposition and trial testimony in the area of oral and also injectable pharmaceutical formulations, dissolution testing, controlled release, instant release, sustained release, as well as chemical and materials property characterization and biodegradation of active ingredient (API) from pharmaceutical formulations. I have served as expert in numerous roles for firms in pharmaceutical patent infringement cases including claims construction, patent validity contentions, expert discovery, Markman preparation, scientific advising, as well as serving as the lead witness. I have over 10 years of expert witness experience with consultation, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 508743 - AL AK AZ AR CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 40 years experience in the field as a Chemical Engineer with expertise in complex liquids: polymers, suspensions, emulsions, and biological fluids. Research in my laboratory has resulted in a number of techniques in optical rheometry such as high-speed polarimetry (birefringence and dichroism) and various microscopy methods (fluorescence, phase contrast, and atomic force microscopy). I am familiar with the development of solar cells, the microstructure of polymeric and other complex materials, deformation of the red blood cell in small capillaries, cell division and structure and composition of the tear film. In my laboratory, fundamental research is in progress to understand the orientation and deformation of monolayers at the molecular level. I have over 20 years of expert witness experience with consultation, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 505602 - TX

Expertise Description

I have more than 30 years experience in the field of Petroleum Engineering with expertise in work related to formation damage, petrophysics, and natural gas engineering. I have experience with hydraulic fracturing, oilfield water management, and improved oil recovery. My research interests include: flow in porous media, water/waste injection, and surface and colloid chemistry. I have over 25 years expert witness experience with consultations and deposition.

Expert 159813 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have 30 years experience with petroleum engineering and oil / gas operations. My expertise includes oil and gas production, drilling, and exploration industry in California, Texas, the Gulf of Mexico, West Africa, and the Middle East. I have prior expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 134925 - OK TX

Expertise Description

I have 55 years experience as a Laboratory Director specializing in environmental engineering with an emphasis in chemistry, analytical testing, workplace layout, chemical engineering, in addition to safety engineering. My expertise includes: cost estimation, environmental consulting, and laboratory testing productivity. I have more than 20 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 96447 - TX

Expertise Description

I have over 20 years experience as a chemical engineer in areas of failure analysis, product liability, automobile accidents, fire cause and origin, chemical exposure, environmental contamination, regulatory compliance, agriculture, medical devices, and passenger restraint systems. My expertise includes: front / side airbags (failure, deployment, injuries); automobile passenger restraints (seat belts, infant, and child seats); chemical fires / explosions / damages (butane, solvents, crude oil, gasoline, natural gas, carbon dioxide, chlorine gas); toxic chemical exposures (benzene, ethylene oxide, bentonite clay, formaldehyde, hexavalent chromium) in industry, residences, government; environmental hazardous waste contamination (drinking water supplies, ground contamination, oil discharges); and regulatory enforcement (sulfuric acid leaks, ammonia vapors, hydrogen peroxide). I have more than 20 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 56034 - OH

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience as a mechanical engineer, specializing in thermal systems engineering, including industrial energy conservation, recovery, and all related processes and equipment. My expertise includes: industrial process improvement; cogeneration; power plant engineering; utility generation; code compliance; chemical / industrial processing; pressure vessels; fuels / combustion; boilers; furnaces; medical waste incinerators; and power piping. I have more than 25 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 45825 - NV

Expertise Description

I have over 25 years experience as a practicing and consulting engineer concentrating in safety, environmental, and industrial hygiene practices for industry, government, manufacturers, utilities, health care facilities, and environmental consultants. I specialize in asbestos, hazardous waste, product safety, airborne contamination, chemical toxicology, ventilation systems, noise abatement, noise reduction, respiratory concerns, and radiation safety. I have additional experience with: respirator standards; indoor air pollution; occupational ergonomics; carbon monoxide poisoning and toxicology; confined spaces; silicosis prevention; laser safety; lead abatement; fungal remediation; mold litigation; excavation safety; and biohazard awareness. I have more than 25 years expert witness experience with consultations, depositions, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 45084 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have more than 35 years of experience and expertise in physics, engineering, new product design, and production scale-up to assist industry in high precision and general industrial cleaning. My areas of expertise include inertial instrument design disciplines include laser physics, fiber optics, acoustics, and magnetic resonance. I have over 5 years expert witness experience.

Expert 29036 - NJ

Expertise Description

I have more than 35 years experience in the field of chemicals and plastics. My experience includes technical research, development and management accomplishments, including fourteen issued U.S. patents in plastic films, engineering resins and composites. I have over 15 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 28193 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have over 40 experience in chemical engineering. My areas of expertise include air pollution control, accidental release prevention / risk management program, storm water pollution prevention, hazardous waste management, chemical and Refinery processes, environmental project management, CAL/OSHA, and air quality compliance.

Expert 9008 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have over 35 years experience in chemical and petroleum refining engineering, specializing on safety. My areas of expertise include thermodynamics, kinetics and numerical methods. I have additional experience in waste treatment and the management of hazardous materials.

Expert 456791 - AL AK AZ AR BC CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA QC RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 45 years experience in the field of Chemical Engineering with expertise in environmental best practices, environmental mitigation, employee safety issues, chemical processes and processing equipment issues. I have additional knowledge in crisis strategy / communications, assessing industrial accidents such as an unanticipated spill, and assessing the possible requirements for wastewater treatment and other issues. That history and skill allows me to review and mitigate malfunctioning environmental control and water purification systems, recommend precious metal recovery systems, define the need for adequate secondary containment, specify energy saving methods, review environmental permitting and scheduling, environmental survey, and to evaluate US patents. I evaluate proper equipment usage; drainage related facilities, chemical handling, methods for applying appropriate protective floor coatings where necessary and evaluate plumbing and structural supports, and routine and infrequent maintenance procedures. I have over 40 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 447011 - DC NC

Expertise Description

I have over 35 years experience in Chemical Engineering with expertise in polymer processing (design and simulation rheology); composite materials and processing; chemical handling; polymeric materials and properties. I have additional knowledge in the application of rheology and heat transfer to polymer processing and the processing of other non-Newtonian fluids; polymer processing including extrusion, injection molding, film blowing, fiber spinning, blow molding and film blowing; fluid instabilities and fracture; polymer liquid crystals; constitutive theories; polymer structure and processability. My expertise also includes the effects of flow on order and morphology (polymers); suspension rheology; thermoplastic composites processing; and food processing/rheology. I have more than 30 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 437864 - MO

Expertise Description

I have more than 30 years experience in the field of Chemistry. My expertise includes electrochemistry, electrochromic systems and materials, conducting polymers, molecular electronics, physical organic chemistry, and photochemistry. I have experience with technology for polymer crosslinked aerogels; polymeric, thin film electrochromic materials and systems; electrochemical cells; microelectrode arrays; electroanalytical chemistry; nanoparticles; and sol-gel materials. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 433297 - DE

Expertise Description

I have more than 40 years experience in the field of Chemical and Bio-molecular Engineering. My research interests include materials from renewable resources, green chemistry and engineering, and fracture and rheology. I have over 30 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 56035 - MA

Expertise Description

I have over 35 years experience in the field of Failure Analysis. I have experience in engineering failure analysis, chemical analysis, mechanical fabrication, and other areas. My expertise includes: engineering investigations, fires and explosions involving industrial/commercial/household equipment, including tanks and pressure vessels, reactors, residential and commercial boilers and hot oil heat transfer systems, furnaces and ovens, heaters, kerosene heaters, lighters, gaseous leaks, fuel volatility and contamination, tank trucks, propane, etc.; vehicular accidents involving rollovers, rear-enders, sudden pullouts, jack-knifes, pedestrian impacts, pedestrian collisions, back-ups, lost cargo, road debris, and low-hanging wires; mechanical failures involving bolts, threaded connections, bolted and unbolted tanks, pressure vessels, hydraulic systems, cryogenic tanks and lines, pumps and valves, protectors, ladders, hoists, scaffolds, etc. I have more than 30 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 411605 - MD

Expertise Description

I have over 25 years experience in the field of Chemical Engineering. My extensive experience includes mechanical / structural process design, structural design, electrical design, and project management. I have comprehensive experience in engineering consulting services including environmental compliance certifications, project management, mechanical / electrical / plumbing design and review, structural design and review, chemical process design and environmental survey for industrial and commercial clients. I have more than 10 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 403835 - NY

Expertise Description

I have over 40 years in the Materials Science and Engineering Industry. My extensive experience includes development of materials as it relates to the electronic, communication, security, transportation, aircraft, and environmental and civil infrastructure industries. I specialize in mechanical engineering, in relation to thermal management, smart materials, composite materials; aerospace engineering, specializing in the areas of electronic packaging and sensors; civil engineering, with specialization in concrete; chemical engineering, in the areas of fuel cells, batteries, activated carbon, and filter membranes; metallurgical engineering, and electrical engineering. I have more than 15 years expert witness experience.

Expert 385935 - MA

Expertise Description

I have more than 45 years experience in the field of Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. I have broad and extensive knowledge in the chemical, thermal, mechanical, physical, and environmental sciences. My experience includes arson, failure analysis of materials; reverse engineering and quality control of products; environmental testing; and chemical analysis. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 386767 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have more than 20 years experience in the field of Utility and Electronics. My expertise includes development and manufacturing of energy measurement and control systems; metrology systems; information systems; telephone modem chips in conjunction with metering equipment; communicating power meters; water meters; modules; electric distribution automation; and communication systems. I have experience with numerous advisory and executive positions held with major international and utility companies.

Expert 321268 - FL

Expertise Description

I have more than 25 years experience in Environmental Engineering. I have experience in virtually all aspects of contaminant release mechanisms and compliance; environmental assessment and remediation, with specific expertise in the due diligence and assessment process; soil and groundwater contamination assessment; fate and transport phenomena, including biological transformation and groundwater geochemical interactions; hydrogeological impact analysis; environmental and public health risk assessment; cleanup strategies and costs; building assessment; building sites; claims and loss damages; and the rules and regulations that govern these activities. I have over 20 years of expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 344157 - AZ CA(N) CA(S) NM TX

Expertise Description

I have over 25 years experience in Chemical Engineering. My expertise includes chemical reaction and explosion events; chemical plant design, simulation, and economic evaluation; reaction kinetics and catalysis; spontaneous combustion phenomena; activated carbon synthesis; flue gas mercury removal; water / wastewater treatment; chemical separations; heat & mass transfer phenomena; and flash pyrolysis synthesis of metallic nanoparticles. My professional experience includes work in: chemical processing industries, academia, government labs and federal contracts, and private consulting and expert witness service. I have more than 15 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 12257 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have 40 years experience as a Biochemical Engineer. My expertise includes nutrition and food science; food product development; food engineering; food chemistry; aseptic systems; and chemical engineering. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 346554 - AL AZ GA IL KS NJ NY PA TN

Expertise Description

I have over 40 years experience in chemical and environmental consulting. My expertise includes: wastewater treatment, computer modeling, site remediation and cleanup, plant security, chemical process modeling, explosives, remedial investigations, ISO 14000, drinking water treatment, and plant design. I have worked on municipal and industrial projects. I have more than 20 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 344238 - TX

Expertise Description

I have more than 40 years in the Environmental Engineering Industry. My experience includes environmental health and safety, site investigations, origins of water damage, mold contamination, mold remediation, and the general health impacts of mold in indoor environments. My additional knowledge and skills include feasibilities studies, remediation design, ecological risk assessment processes as applied to waste sites and operating facilities, public health, indoor air quality studies, and regulatory experience including preparations of comprehensive management plans, and detailed compliance audits and permit applications. I have over 15 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.