Judge Explains Scope of Attorney-Client Privilege for Non-Reporting Expert Witnesses in Patent Case

Expertise Description

Client-Attorney Privilege Expert WitnessU.S. District Judge Susan Richard Nelson in Minnesota recently determined the extent to which the attorney-client privilege protected a law firm’s preparations with an employee/expert under Rule 26(a)(2)(B).At the heart of this dispute was Plaintiff's decision to designate a non-reporting, testifying expert witness pursuant to Rule 26(a)(2)(C). The individual was a named inventor on five of the asserted patents in the underlying action and was one of the founding members of Plaintiff's predecessor-in-interest, as well as Plaintiff’s paid consultant on design and development of new products and development of patent strategy.The parties made cross-objections to Magistrate Judge Franklin L. Noel's order granting Defendants' motion to compel compliance with an earlier order. Plaintiff objected to the order, arguing that its interpretation of the scope of the waiver of attorney-client privilege triggered by the testimony of a non-reporting expert witness was overly broad. In contrast, Defendants agreed with the ruling, but objected to the decision to grant Plaintiff an additional 21-day period to decide whether to accept disclosure of privileged communications or withdraw its non-reporting expert and maintain the privilege.Plaintiff first identified the patent expert as an individual "likely to have discoverable information" in its Rule 26(a)(1)(A) disclosure. Defendants responded by serving him with a document subpoena and deposing him as a fact witness. Plaintiff objected to every one of Defendants' document requests on privilege grounds and instructed its expert not to answer certain questions during his deposition.Plaintiff filed its Rule 26(a)(2)(C) disclosure, identifying the expert as a proposed non-reporting expert witness, and Defendants moved to require the patent expert to submit an expert report pursuant to Rule 26(a)(2)(B). The Magistrate said no, finding that because the expert was not specially retained to provide expert testimony, but rather would testify on the basis of percipient knowledge, he wasn’t subject to Rule 26(a)(2)(B). Defendants then moved for an order overruling the expert's privilege objections to his earlier discovery responses, arguing that by putting the patent expert forward as a non-reporting expert witness under Rule 26(a)(2)(C), Plaintiff waived attorney-client privilege as to materials provided to the expert for his testimony. Plaintiff argued that the 2010 amendments to the Federal Rules, which created the distinction between reporting and non-reporting expert witnesses, said that attorney-client privilege would be waived only in limited circumstances not present here.The Magistrate agreed with Defendants, noting that the state of the law on expert testimony and waiver of privilege prior to the 2010 amendments generally held that all documents and information disclosed to any testifying expert in connection with his testimony, including any communications with attorneys, were discoverable by the opposing party.Magistrate Noel then considered if the 2010 amendments changed this rule and noted that while Rule 26(b)(4)(C) provides explicit protection for some communications between a party's attorney and reporting experts, it’s silent as to whether communications with a non-reporting expert are similarly protected. The rule states that "Rules 26(b)(3)(A) and (B) protect communications between the party's attorney and any witness required to provide a report under Rule 26(a)(2)(B), regardless of the form of the communications, [except in three enumerated circumstances]."Looking to the advisory committee notes for the 2010 amendments, the Magistrate determined ultimately that they "did not change any existing precedent regarding privilege waiver of non-reporting experts that existed prior [to 2010]." Because there was no dispute between the parties that prior to 2010 all documents and information considered by a testifying expert were subject to discovery, he concluded that "any documents and information considered by . . . the expert in connection with his expert testimony, including communications with attorneys are discoverable." The Magistrate then gave Plaintiff a choice to either produce all such documents within 21 days, or, if it preferred to maintain its privilege, withdraw the designation as a non-reporting expert witness.Plaintiff notified Defendants that it would go ahead with the expert as a non-reporting expert witness and produced additional documents it said were all of documents not previously disclosed that had been considered by the patent expert in connection with his proposed testimony. Defendants moved to compel compliance with the Magistrate's order, arguing that Plaintiff's privilege log identified hundreds of documents and other communications considered by the expert but not disclosed, in violation of the order. Plaintiff responded with a motion for a protective order limiting the scope of Defendants' discovery requests.The dispute focused on the proper interpretation of the word "considered" in the order and whether the term should be interpreted broadly to encompass all materials that the expert "generated, saw, read, reviewed, and/or reflected upon"—whether he ultimately relied upon them in forming his opinions or not; or interpreted narrowly to mean just the documents actually used by the expert. The Magistrate again agreed with Defendants, concluding that "the ambit of the term 'considered,' in the context of Rule 26(a)(2)(C) discovery, . . . encompasses material not only used, but generated, seen, reviewed, and/or reflected upon." Rather than immediately require production of the withheld documents, however, the Magistrate again gave Plaintiff 21 days to elect to withdraw the patent expert 's designation as a non-reporting expert witness.Both parties filed objections to the Magistrate’s order. Plaintiff argued that the magistrate’s reading of the scope of the waiver of attorney-client privilege went well beyond the limited waiver envisioned by the framers of the 2010 amendments and beyond the bounds set by prior precedent. Defendants agreed with the Magistrate's interpretation of the scope of waiver, but argue that it was error to grant Plaintiff yet another 21-day period in which to reconsider its election of witness a non-reporting expert witness.Judge Nelson noted that in analyzing Plaintiff's objection, she had to consider what issues were properly before the Court. While the Magistrate’s two orders were intertwined, they settled different issues. The earlier order considered the issue of whether the 2010 amendments to Rule 26, which first created the distinct categories of reporting and non-reporting expert witnesses, changed the pre-existing law regarding waiver of privilege as to communications involving experts. The Magistrate found that the amendments established new protections for communications involving reporting expert witnesses, but that those privileges were not intended to extend to non-reporting expert witnesses. The Magistrate determined that the 2010 amendments to Rule 26 didn’t change the law of waiver of privilege existing prior to the amendments—at least as applied to non-reporting expert witnesses.Plaintiff had 14 days to file objections to the Magistrate's order or waive any assignment of error, and didn’t object to the court's decision on waiver of privilege and non-reporting expert witnesses. As a result, Magistrate Noel's conclusion of law that pre-2010 case law on waiver of privilege continued to govern non-reporting expert witnesses wasn’t properly before the Court. Judge Nelson said what was properly before the court was the much narrower matter of the later order: what scope to give to the waiver of privilege attached to the patent expert 's testimony as a non-reporting witness. In light of the earlier order, Nelson explained that answering this question required little more than looking to see whether the magistrate judge properly applied the law of waiver as it stood prior to 2010.As the Magistrate noted, the waiver of privilege attached to the expert 's status as a non-reporting expert extends to any materials considered in connection with his proposed testimony. Courts have clearly and repeatedly recognized that the term "considered" is to be interpreted broadly in this context, and as a result, the scope of waiver wasn’t limited by subjective questions of whether the expert actually relied on or used the documents and information to which he was exposed in crafting his opinion. The critical point was that he was exposed to those materials. Judge Nelson found that this rule recognizes that part of the purpose of expert discovery is to discover not just the information that the expert used in reaching his conclusions, but also what information he ignored or failed to properly incorporate into his analysis. In light of such considerations, the Magistrate, she said, was correct to hold that "the ambit of the term 'considered,' in the context of Rule 26(a)(2)(C) discovery, . . . encompasses material not only used, but generated, seen, reviewed, and/or reflected upon"… a position that was well supported both by pre- and post-2010 case law.In the alternative, Plaintiff asked the Court to grant it leave to re-designate the expert as a reporting expert pursuant to Rule 26(a)(2)(B). The Magistrate considered the request and rejected it, concluding that Plaintiff was well-advised of the duties imposed by designating the expert as a non-reporting expert witness. Such decisions are well within the discretion of the magistrate judge. Moreover, the judge held that Plaintiff had the opportunity for years to designate the patent expert as a reporting expert but chose not to do so, and would not be permitted to do so at this point.Because more than 21 days had elapsed since Magistrate Noel's order was issued, Judge Nelson modified the period of election to seven days. If Plaintiff wanted to proceed with the witness as a non-reporting expert witness, it had to produce the materials specified within that time. Otherwise, if it wanted to maintain its privilege, it had to withdraw the expert's designation under Rule 26(a)(2)(C). Luminara Worldwide v. RAZ Imports, Case No. 15-cv-03028 (SRN/FLN), 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 158183 (D. Minn. November 15, 2016)

Expert 519888 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

With more than 20 years experience in Southern California working in the field of Computer Engineering, my expertise has included High-speed and energy-efficient digital VLSI, Microprocessor design, computer architecture, integer & floating point execution units, graphics, communications, networks, high speed circuits, clocking, memory, embedded systems, security, CAD, GPS, wireless systems. I have additional experience in designing chips for several technology design companies. I have also spent over 10 years as a computer engineering expert witness. I have provided such services as consultations, courtroom testimony, and deposition for numerous clients.

Expert 325194 - AL CA(N)

Expertise Description

For more than 35 years, I have worked in the field of Computer Semiconductor Devices with expertise in the development and manufacture of storage technology, semiconductor devices, and memories which are used in microprocessors, logic, digital, and analog products. I have additional knowledge in the development of circuits and processors; memory devices; pMOS, nMOS, and CMOS; and Flash / EEPROM and ROM technologies. My time as a Computer Semiconductor Devices expert witness has spanned over 20 years by providing consultations, courtroom testimony, and deposition.

Expert 517683 - TX

Expertise Description

I have more than 15 years of experience in the research and analysis of software, electronics, and electrical systems. I have worked as a Consulting Engineer in a Private Practice where I have performed inspections for electrical ignition fires, as well as electromagnetic field radiation inspections and lightning strike site inspections. I have provided reverse engineering digital design services, and custom systems designs for animation and gaming systems. I have over 10 years of expert witness experience.

Expert 513261 - VA

Expertise Description

I have more than 10 years of experience in the field of Computer Science and Engineering with expertise in computer architecture, embedded systems, circuit design, and VLSI-CAD. I am an Assistant Professor and have done research in the design of next generation 3D heterogeneous multicores, low power hybrid SRAM-NVM memory hierarchy design, domain-specific acceleration, and power management in data centers. My interests are in none-volatile logic and memory design, thermal and power management, and CAD algorithm development. I have prior expert witness experience with consultation and deposition.

Expert 500561 - AK AZ AR CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 15 years of experience as an Independent Investigator with a law enforcement background and education and experience with information technology and wireless engineering. I have over a decade of experience in law enforcement and over a decade of field experience in information technology. I am dedicated to helping in forensic investigation, examination and the recovery of electronic data. I am especially proficient in digital forensics, preserving digital evidence, data recovery, troubleshooting, data forensic audits, digital network security breaches, digital forensic imaging, computer forensic investigation, online security and privacy. I am an information technology network engineer and a wireless design engineer. I worked as an IT Director, contractor and held various positions on IT teams. I can examine, certify and authenticate digital evidence, as well as investigate devices seized by other sources (e.g., law enforcement). I am available at almost any time to participate in evidence seizures and am qualified to establish and maintain a chain of custody during transportation and storage. I hold a wide variety of Microsoft and Cisco certifications and am an expert in using forensic tools to analyze hardware, software, and networks. I secure, analyze, recover, extract, and investigate digital data from computers, cell phones, iPads, networks of all sizes, and other mobile devices. I am proficient in electronic discovery (eDiscovery). I am the proprietor of a company that performs digital forensic investigations, digital forensic imaging, forensic data recovery, and provides expert witness services. I can provide expert testimony with regard to protocols, seizure, the handing of digital evidence. I can determine digital chains of events, Internet behavior patterns, and social media and cell phone usage habits, cyber stalking, online harassment and hacker tracers. I have over 5 years of expert witness experience with consultation, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 161225 - AZ

Expertise Description

I have more than 30 years experience in the field of Computer and Electrical Engineering with expertise in Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits, Analog and Digital Integrated Circuits, and Power Management IC. I have experience with wireless and wireline communication systems, including single-chip transceivers, system architecture, broadband communications technology, telecommunication standards, as well as related trade secret and patent validity matters. I have over 10 years expert witness experience with consultation, deposition, and court testimony.

Expert 507811 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have more than 25 years experience in the field of Cryptography with expertise in cryptographic hardware and embedded systems, secure hardware design, side-channel attacks and countermeasures, and algorithms and architectures for computer arithmetic and finite fields. I have provided analysis and design services for applications in cryptography, network security, authentication, and multimedia compression. I have performed verification studies on security and cryptographic products, analyzed and reported on the content and scope of intellectual property and patents in security and cryptography. I have prior expert witness experience with consultation and deposition.

Expert 505858 - AL FL

Expertise Description

I have more than 25 years experience in the fields of Electrical and Computer Engineering with expertise in control systems, communications, and computer networks. My research focuses on multimedia communications and networks as well as on multivariable control system analysis and design. I have experience with the robustness for uncertain multivariable feedback control systems and computer control systems, communications and information theory and computer networks, compression technologies for packet and wireless networks, asynchronous learning networks, and information technology-enhanced learning. I have over 25 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 443226 - AL CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have more than 35 years experience in the field of Computer Science with expertise in software development, embedded systems, networking, enterprise software systems, digital audio signal processing, and music technology. I have been a Software Architect for consumer and professional products for large international electronics companies, and have sustained a long and successful career at the cutting edge of software development and design using multiprocessor/multi-core architectures for signal processing and control. I have over 15 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 369791 - AL CA(N) CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have over 10 years experience in the field Software Engineering. My experience includes programming languages and platforms, Internet and web systems, operating systems and servers, databases, project management and software development, and mobile/wireless devices and applications. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 343196 - WV

Expertise Description

I have more than 25 years experience in the field of Software Architecture with expertise in advanced software research and development projects. I have experience with Android development, Android layout, Apache Ant, AWT/Swing, Axis, Bootstrap, C, C++, CSS, CVS, Eclipse, Financial Systems, Git, Google AppEngine, HTML, IntelliJ, J2EE, Java, Java Servlets, Javascript, Jetty integration, JMS, JSP, JQuery, Law Enforcement Systems, Linux, medical systems, mobile design and development, MySQL, Oracle, Perl, PHP, PostgreSQL, Project Management, Python, and Real-Time Embedded Systems. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 456517 - AL AK AZ AR BC CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA QC RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WY WI

Expertise Description

I have more than 35 years experience in the fields of Electronics and Electrical engineering with expertise in leading the development of complex space payloads and electronic systems. I have experience with the program management of a hyperspectral imaging payload for a satellite, as well as of an innovative payload system, signal, automotive electronics, and data processing electronics for a low earth orbiting satellite to detect and track ballistic missiles during the midcourse phase of flight. I have additional experience with the first processor to perform target detection and tracking of ballistic missiles performed on-board a spacecraft, and was also the first to implement real time signal video processing algorithms for space-based sensors with large mosaic infrared focal plane arrays. I have invented, developed, and negotiated licenses for a portfolio of successfully marketed electronic games and toys. I have consulted in electronic engineering, the electronics design and product development of consumer, commercial, medical, and industrial control products, and have provided brief preparation, strategy development, and research for patent infringement litigation. I have over 25 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and court testimony.

Expert 501937 - MA

Expertise Description

I have more than 30 years experience in the field of Software Development with expertise in verification/validation projects for medical devices. I have experience with infusion pumps (syringe, ambulatory, and high-volume multi-channel), blood separators, auditory screening and diagnostic equipment, electro-chemical luminescence biotechnical lab instrumentation, immunoassay sequencing system, arrhythmia detection monitors, spirometry, blood cell counters, cavernosal nerve surgical tracer, breast cancer imaging system, consumer level glucose meters, battle field/disaster triage management system, marine electronics, hemo-dialysis systems, and IV bag compounding systems. I have over 10 years expert witness experience with consultation and deposition.

Expert 503398 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have more than 35 years experience in the field of Electrical & Computer Engineering with expertise in parallel and distributed computing and computer architecture. I have experience multithreaded algorithms, networks, graph theory, and high performance computing for combinatorial problems, especially in bioinformatics. I have additional understanding of matters related to real-time and distributed systems, patent infringements, and code reviews. I have over 5 years expert witness experience.

Expert 166714 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience as an executive and engineer in both startups and Fortune 500 companies with extensive background in distributed systems, database management, applications, software, networks and storage. My expertise includes e-discovery, source code inspection, intellectual property development, intellectual property theft of trade secrets, quality engineering, and strategic and technical leadership. I have more than 5 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 56753 - CA(N) CA(S) DC IL MN NY OH TX WA

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience specializing in the computer systems, software, and storage industry. My expertise includes: bus design, system bus, local area network (L.A.N.), bus bridge, standards, Advanced Technology Attachment (A.T.A.), AT Attachment Packet Interface (A.T.A.P.I.), Integrated Drive Electronics (I.D.E.), 1394 FireWire I-Link, Small Computer System Interface (S.C.S.I.), Futurebus, computer design, central processing unit (C.P.U.), multiprocessor, cache, memory controller, hard disk, storage networks, storage area network (S.A.N.), and network-attached storage (N.A.S.). My additional expertise includes: internet protocol, http, cookies, software, firmware, embedded systems, operating systems, input / output, I / O controller, simulation, performance and benchmark. I have more than 30 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 107656 - FL

Expertise Description

I have over 20 years experience as a Forensic Consultant (C.F.C.) specializing in Forensic Accident Reconstruction. My expertise includes automobile accidents, commercial vehicle accidents, industrial accidents, motorcycle accidents, pedestrian accidents, ballistics and firearms, digital forensics, premises liability, slip and fall accidents, and 3d animations and visualizations. I have more than 15 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 55404 - NC

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience as a professional engineer specializing in electrical and computer engineering. My expertise includes: agency standards (CE, CSA, FCC, IEC, UL); data encryption hardware; data networks; electrical devices engineering / safety / systems; electronic design / failure analysis / manufacturing; electronic / electrical hardware design engineering; EMC design / analysis / testing; fire cause and origin investigations; forensic engineering; grounding; industrial automation / controls (national electrical code / product liability / product testing / safety evaluations); insurance fraud investigations; lightning / surge analysis; residential wiring; semiconductors; and telecommunications. I have prior expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 45661 - CA(N) CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience in the design, implementation, and management of the development of a large variety of software applications, ranging from shrink-wrapped products for sale to customers, to tools used to create data or services sold to customers, to purely DARPA-funded research projects where the products were new algorithms and approaches to solve difficult problems. I have a broad range of high technological experience including bioinformatics, electronic design automation, digital cartography, banking systems for foreign exchange traders at large central banks, operating system conformance test suites, and prototyping new architectures for all optical networks in support of data intensive grid computing. My expertise includes XWindows, Motif, GUI’s (graphical user interfaces), graphics, algorithms, and relational databases in both Unix and Microsoft platforms. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 42220 - TX

Expertise Description

I have over 35 years experience in electrical engineering. My expertise includes patents and intellectual property, electrical generators and motors, power systems, high-speed computers, computer system architecture, microprocessors, digital design, digital signal processors, distributed and parallel processing, IC design, aircraft electrical systems and avionics, and automobile electrical systems.

Expert 40556 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have over 55 years experience in Electrical Engineering. My expertise includes patent disputes, patent infringement, trade secret disputes, aerospace, missile system design, study of aircrafts and spacecrafts, and embedded control system design. I have more than 40 years expert witness experience.

Expert 17879 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have over 45 years experience as a design engineer and inventor of consumer products. My areas of expertise include product development, patent infringement, as well as product operation and safety. I specialize in toys and electronic games, including all sorts of home products and am familiar with analog and digital circuits, remote control, electronic games and toys, microprocessor applications, sensors of all sorts, power control, ultrasonics, and safety requirements. I have more than 20 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 9030 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years in Mechanical Engineering. My experience includes: failure analysis of mechanical systems; accident investigation and reconstruction; human factors and ergonomics; safety design reviews and failure prevention methods; automation; robotics and microprocessor application; and warnings and safety information analysis and development. I have performed a wide range of work in the area of tire, wheel, and brake systems. My work includes numerous inspections, testing, failure analysis, accident reconstruction, and employee training on tires, wheels, and brakes related to trucks, passenger vehicles, motorcycles, off-road vehicles, recreational vehicles, and golf cars. I have conducted surveys and performed risk analysis related to tires, wheels, and brakes. I have prior expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 8909 - CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience as a computer consultant. My areas of expertise include: personal computers, computer networks, Windows, Novell, and Physics.

Expert 500456 - NJ

Expertise Description

I have more than 20 years experience in Electrical and Computer Engineering with expertise in VLSI Design, and Digital Circuits and Microprocessors. I have experience with Digital Image Processing, Computer Architecture and Organization, embedded processors systems architecting, digital signal processing systems, and development of highly integrated ASICs, high data bandwidth ASICs, and VLSI circuits for DSP. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 464411 - CA(S) CO

Expertise Description

I have more than 15 years experience in the field of Intellectual Property with expertise in computer engineering and patent analysis. I have experience with valuation and reverse engineering of software and hardware technologies. I have additional experience with claim charting, validity research, technical opinions, digital discovery, and IP portfolio valuation, strategy, and marketing. I have over 10 years expert witness experience with consultations and deposition.

Expert 427814 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have over 35 years experience in the field of Electrical Engineering. My extensive experience includes computer systems, product development, business strategy, technology strategy, venture capital, cloud based services, video, iOS, android, HTML5, and web based communications product and business strategy.

Expert 432181 - GA

Expertise Description

I have over 10 years experience in the field of Computer Science. My areas of expertise include electrical and computer engineering, image and video processing, immersive processing and communications, 3D signal processing, social information processing, and seismic data processing and imaging. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 449825 - FL

Expertise Description

I have more than 20 years experience in the field of Electrical and Computer Engineering with expertise in Machine Interaction and Communication, Speech Processing, Speech Recognition, Natural Language Processing, Speaker Identification, Digital Signal Processing, Adaptive Filtering, Voice Identification, Pattern Recognition, Cellular Products, and Neural Networks.

Expert 445242 - CO

Expertise Description

I have more than 25 years experience in the field of Audio, Video, and Networks. My expertise includes networking protocols, precise network synchronization protocols, internet protocol (IP), standards development, media networking, digital audio, network design, patent searching, patent litigation, patent portfolio analysis, professional audio, network administration, digital video, technical writing, technical leadership, IT strategy, strategic thinking, network architecture, and technical presentations. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 436312 - AL AK AZ AR CA(N) CA(S) CO CT DE DC FL GA HI IL IN KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience in the field of RF & Microwave Engineering. My expertise includes high-frequency semiconductor devices; RF electronics for low-noise and wireless communication applications; low-noise technology and its system applications; RF integrated circuits; microwave networks and components; RF packaging; noise in semiconductor devices, circuits, and systems; theory fluctuations in devices and other thermodynamic systems; low-noise devices; device noise models and characterization; fundamental limitations of devices that are active, nonlinear, and small; intellectual property theft of trade secrets; and instructional design and evaluation. I have more than 25 years of witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 429952 - TX

Expertise Description

I have over 25 years experience in the field of Electrical Engineering. My extensive experience includes image processing and modeling, image and video compression, imaging equipment, damage assessment from hyperspectral imagery, stereo X-ray imaging, FPGA implementations of OFDM, system architect, interface specifications, cabling and power distribution, and embedded drivers. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 429073 - GA

Expertise Description

I have more than 10 years experience in the field of Electrical and Computer Engineering. My experience includes: audio and psycho-acoustics, signal processing, analog and digital hardware, and digital hearing aid algorithms. I am highly familiar with field-programmable analog arrays, low-power audio input enhancements for portable devices, transactions on wireless communications, binaural hearing aids, noise reduction, hearing aid speech quality, audio noise suppression, circuits and multiplier architecture, and adaptive filters. I have over 5 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 429450 - AZ

Expertise Description

I have over 20 years experience in the field of Software User Interface. My extensive experience includes product user experience, usability strategy, user research, prototyping, design, usability testing, software interface architecture, product interface design, graphic user interfaces (GUIs), and object-oriented user interfaces (OOUIs). I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 428460 - PA

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience in the field of Electrical Engineering. My extensive experience includes signal processing, signal detection, estimation theory, computer simulations, image fusion, and multibeam antennas. My expertise also includes image fusion, information theory, signal processing, sequence and signal detection and interference.

Expert 428011 - NJ

Expertise Description

I have over 40 years experience in the field of Communication Systems. My extensive experience includes wireless communications, system / network security, high speed wireless data networking, geolocation technology, real-time digital signal processing, software-defined radio technology, wireless services, cryptography, security, wireless communications, wireless spectrum, signal processing RF hardware and/or embedded systems, encryption, secure communications, and broadband powerline (BPL) technology. I have more than 5 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 410094 - AL CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have over 30 years experience in the field of Computer Science and Engineering. My extensive experience includes distributed computer systems, wireless services, cloud computing, computer security, network security, cybertrust, information security, operating systems, wireless networks, mobile computing, database systems, wireless sensor networks, wireless systems, performance modeling, evaluation of large complex computer systems, and networks.

Expert 393692 - AZ

Expertise Description

I have more than 30 years experience in the industry of Computer Architecture. My specific expertise includes Instruction Set Architecture, Processor Organization, Microprocessor Design and Validation, Computer Performance Evaluation, PC System Architecture, Power Management, and Digital Design. I have background and knowledge involving the architecture of 64-bit extensions; integration of 32-bit microprocessors; DOS, Windows, and UNIX; high performance microprocessor modeling and simulation; MSI-TTL and 8080 microprocessors; protection of intellectual property (IP); and computer peripheral interface controllers. My additional experience includes PC chip-set topologies, Itanium processors, Pentium processors, scalable microsupercomputers, video games, and virtual core management. I have prior expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 340792 - CA(N)

Expertise Description

I have more than 25 years experience in combined fields of Information Technology and Data Processing. I am experienced in all aspects of management consulting. I specialize in information technology management, data center management, software development management, project management, audit, and assessment. My other specialties include computer-aided software engineering (CASE); vendor/product selection; strategic automation planning; and World Wide Web site development & management. My further expertise includes billing, Medicaid and Medicare claims, outsourcing, Sales Force Automation / Customer Relationship Management (CRM), ISO 9000 planning & support, EEOC compliance evaluation and reporting, etc. My software and hardware technology expertise includes MS Access, APL, Assembler, COBOL, Control RDBMS, HTML / CSS, JavaScript, Korn Shell, etc. I have over 15 years expert witness experience with consultations, deposition, and courtroom testimony.

Expert 365278 - AL CA(N) CA(S)

Expertise Description

I have 35 years of experience in the field of physics, over 35 patents issued and 15 pending, and over 30 publications in semiconductor design, FPGA architecture, and digital and analog electronic circuits. I am a consultant specializing in high-performance electronic instrumentation and semiconductor design and test. I have prior expert witness experience.

Expert 340645 - CA(S) CT NY

Expertise Description

I have over 5 years experience in the field of robotics. My expertise includes human robotic interaction and design of robot systems. I am highly experienced with developing socially assistive robot systems, including assistive robotics for communication with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and open-source software. I have experience with computer vision, artificial intelligence, and software engineering. I also have limited experience in computer networks and wireless communication.