Tunneling is an area of construction used to create underground passageways for various purposes. Tunnels are integrated into existing environments, so the construction procedure requires a specific form of project management. These tunnels may be built for traffic or utility purposes, such as transporting water, electricity, communication systems, and other important resources.
Tunneling requires an undertaking of heavy construction and must adhere to codes and compliance for public safety. Tunneling must also work within the guideline of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), as it utilizes underground construction, which can be detrimental to both the health and safety of the construction workers, as well as create environmental hazards. The lack of proper lighting and exposure to what may be potentially toxic air quality requires a strict set of rules and regulations to maintain a healthy working environment.
Lawsuits related to tunneling usually results from accident or safety issue, as well as construction-related defects and/or damage as a result of poor workmanship. Tunneling may also incorporate mining and drilling into the construction site, making construction safety measures and proper construction equipment very important for the overall safety and quality of the project. The geology and other environmental details must also be evaluated to ensure the surrounding land can accommodate the construction of a tunnel.
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